power vs current vs voltage

", simulate this circuit – Schematic created using CircuitLab.

A constant-current driver is used to regulate the amount of current that is supplied to an LED or LED array to maximize LED lifetime.

Are there any precedents to this? The problem is the LED driver supply's voltage is too low. The primary of the current transformer is linked within the power line.

48V (e.g. It employed in electrical energy power system for stepping down the voltage of the system to some protected value which is often provided to low rating meters and relays. In a voltage source like a photocell or a battery, a voltage occurs due to the accumulation of charges at the terminals. Constant-voltage power supplies are used if LEDs need a different operating voltage than what's supplied by a power source. It only takes a minute to sign up. The secondary of an existing transformer really should not be turned off from the load while current is within the primary, as the secondary will endeavor to carry on driving current into a highly effective limitless impedance as much as its insulation breakdown voltage and, therefore, give up operator safety. I tried to take 1A 12V LED driver I used to use and use it with just one strip (4 LEDs or 3LEDs + resistor) and the current was correct (0.6-0.7A) as well as Voltage (11.75V) so there is something wrong either with my 6A LED driver or with the way I have connected those LEDs. One cannot see with the naked eye the energy flowing through a wire or the voltage of a battery sitting on a table. The open secondary may lead to failure of the transformer. There are a number of  the electrical transformers which  is manufactured and produced for various functions and requirements. Voltage is the cause and current is the effect.The voltage between two points is equal to the electrical potential difference between those points.

Voltage and current, along with resistance make up Ohm’s law that relates the three variables together, which states that the voltage be…

Together with voltage prospects, revenue-grade Current transformers  force the electric powered utility’s watt-hour gauge on practically every building with three-phase services and single-phase services more than Two hundred amperes. 3 red 1 blue may occasionally exceed 12v and the outcome is unpredictable, may work or may be too dim. To learn more, see our tips on writing great answers. Is creation of new states via partitioning really possible in the US? In other words, current is the rate of flow of electric charge. At first, these concepts can be difficult to understand because we cannot \"see\" them. site design / logo © 2020 Stack Exchange Inc; user contributions licensed under cc by-sa. Podcast 282: Stack Overflow’s CEO reflects on his first year. Phasor diagrams help in understanding those errors.

In an electrical system, increasing either the current or the voltage will result in higher power. One cannot see with the naked eye the energy flowing through a wire or the voltage of a battery sitting on a table. If current is not regulated, LED brightness can fluctuate shortening the lifespan. The constant-current driver is used for LEDs or light fixtures that require a stable output current and operate within a range of voltages. The more LEDs in the string the worse it gets. Even t… A flow of electrons forced into motion by voltage is current. It’s possible that, if you’ve been shopping for LED lights, you’ve come across the terms constant current and constant voltage. Amazingly they did not cause the strip to fail. In an electrical system, increasing either the current or the voltage will result in higher power. With insufficient voltage you will not get enough current flowing. Electrical Engineering Stack Exchange is a question and answer site for electronics and electrical engineering professionals, students, and enthusiasts. Also, the listed "voltage" of an LED is the "knee" voltage of the diode...more of a "no light comes out below this voltage" than an ideal operating point.

Therefore, usually in transmission lines, voltages are very high.

Making statements based on opinion; back them up with references or personal experience. rev 2020.10.30.37923, The best answers are voted up and rise to the top, Electrical Engineering Stack Exchange works best with JavaScript enabled, Start here for a quick overview of the site, Detailed answers to any questions you might have, Discuss the workings and policies of this site, Learn more about Stack Overflow the company, Learn more about hiring developers or posting ads with us. But we have designed this one especially for DC Circuits (as well as work for Single Phase AC circuits without Power Factor… Use MathJax to format equations. I tried it with 4 LEDs first as I have it connected it in this way right now, 11.77V and 0.6A which is about right. Is this image of Jean-Luc Picard sourced from a TNG episode? How do you say "I think she loves me" in Latin? VAs are often used to simplify power ratings, helping to determine how much power the current will draw when in use. Now we have established the power supply is not an LED driver but a constant voltage supply. ... Let me know in here & I can help you troubleshoot this problem further, if you like. MathJax reference. heatsinks and fans. You should be able to touch the star PCB for a second or two without it burning your skin, or about 50-60°C. 2 blue and 2 red may not work well. I guess there is something wrong with my calculations or observations because the LEDs in this setup are bright enough and based on my original calculation it should work this way. When she's not immersing herself in all things LED, she's zumba-ing or playing with her two little troublemakers (chihuahuas)! They did get hot enough to begin to melt the solder.

In transmission lines where the sole aim is to minimize the line losses, potential transformer serves the purpose, it steps up the voltage so that line losses can be avoided as much as can.

How to find the sum of that series related to Legendre functions of the second kind? Current transformers can be used to keep an eye on dangerously higher currents or currents at risky high voltages, so excellent proper care should be ingested the structure and use of CTs during these scenarios. If your LED product already has a constant-current driver or uses resistors in the LED array, you might need a constant-voltage power supply.

An interesting problem with "decomposing" natural numbers. Yes, it sounds like it's a 1A source, instead of the 6A source it was sold as. Constant-voltage power supplies can be used to power LED products that have resistors or constant-current drivers.

I don't think that was a good idea, I have tried to use one of my LED string with only 3 LEDs and use it with my 12V 1A driver, it light them for a brief moment and then it went down so I guess that 4V/LED destroyed one or maybe all of them.

Most finished LED products already have a constant-current driver or resistors to regulate current.

Though, these two are related to each other and help how electricity works, they are two different concepts.

A voltage can exist without a current; however a current requires voltage to exist. In fact it is sold as a LED driver which supposed to be constant voltage source with some addnational components that keeps the (not sure if voltage or current) same during the runtime of the LED as it's characterstics changes as it heats up. For example, If a 1 volt difference exists across a 1 ohm resistor, then the charge which will flow through that resistance will be one coulomb per second,(one ampere) and the power dissipated by the resistor will be be 1 watt. Drive it with constant current and report back. are available, and a constant-voltage power supply wouldn’t be necessary.

700mA may be too much and the LEDs will get too hot without any thermal management e.g. How would blasting a barrage of arrows with heat affect the metal arrowheads? Either you need a Driver for each string or you need to balance the load in each string.

The posted schematic shows a 1 amp source so... You do make a good case for making that comment in my answer. Samantha is a copywriter/blogger at Super Bright LEDs, Inc. She graduated from the University of Missouri with a bachelor's in journalism and currently lives in St. Louis with her husband. At first, these concepts can be difficult to understand because we cannot \"see\" them. Meaningful research in PhD with no publications. I can't find what is wrong with my observations and/or calculations or if those leds are not really a 3W LED. On the other hand, voltageis the electrical force that drives an electric current between two points. It's very likely the LEDs did not get enough voltage.

It is not a LED driver supply. Secondary current is dependent upon the voltage in addition to the load resistance. (IF AND ONLY IF THE SUPPLY IS A CONSTANT CURRENT SUPPLY, A CONSTANT VOLTAGE SUPPLY WILL BURN THEM UP) With an LED Driver (i.e. The ideal voltage transformer is one in which the ratio of primary and secondary voltages is same as the turn ratio, as turn ratio is the ratio of the primary and secondary wire turns and it decides the function of the transformer as step up or step down. You measured 11.6v so 4 (red red red blue) in series with a 0.62Ω current limiting resistor should work fine. voltage transformer has lower primary turns than its secondary windings, for the purpose of stepping down. The  voltage of the system is applied over the terminals of the primary winding of that transformer, after which  secondary voltage appears in proper proportion over the secondary terminals of the potential transformer. Why are these LEDs listed as 3W when the forward voltage is 2.4V, and forward current is 700mA? It is measured in volts, which, technically, is the potential energy difference between two points.

If these terminals are connected with a wire, a current begins to flow due to the voltage difference between the terminals. The secondary supplies the equipment and relays a voltage that is a known fraction of the line voltage. Voltage transformer which is also called as a potential transformer.

When beginning to explore the world of electricity and electronics, it is vital to start by understanding the basics of voltage, current, and resistance. Current transformer which is often referred as CT regulates alternating current i.e on its secondary terminal alternating current is proportional to the value of current on its primary. The power supply must be greater than the LED's Vf. Why isn't bootstrapping done in the following manner?

The Overflow #45: What we call CI/CD is actually only CI. What are the specifications of this type of LED strip? Version Control For Salesforce — Branching Strategy. Should I mention a discovery was made by mistake? The current is equal to the electromotive force of the source divided by the total circuit resistance.

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